Waterfowl Waterfowl
Ducks on the water in the Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge

Waterfowl hunt opener conditions

Conditions at specific waterfowl areas

The following areas are open to waterfowl hunting as of mid-September 2022. Tap or click each area to view its conditions:

Bear River Bay has been dry for most of the summer. Mid-summer monsoons have increased water in this area, and at this time (Sept. 6), there is enough water to launch an airboat — although it is unlikely you will be able to go very far. Water availability in this area should increase in early October, when the Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge receives their water right allocation.

Ducks on the water in the Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge

New information: For a trial basis during the 2022–23 waterfowl hunting season, Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge is changing the system for accessing hunt blinds for people with physical disabilities. With the refuge's limited staffing capacity, the existing reservation process had become increasingly challenging and time consuming to manage.

This season, Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge is changing its accessible hunt blind allocation to align with the state's predominant system of first-come, first-served hunt blind use. This change removes the reservation system, and will allow for same- and next-day use without a hunter having to wait for staff to return emails or calls. As in the past, the accessible hunt blind is available to hunters with physical disabilities as defined by the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources.

The first-come, first-served hunt blind system will also provide allow more hunters to use the accessible blind on any given day. For example, one hunter may use the blind in the morning and another hunter may use the blind in the evening. You will be able to see if the blind is in use by referencing a new indicator sign located at the beginning of the auto tour (prior to it becoming one-way). To indicate that they'll be using the accessible blind, hunters should manually switch the sign to "occupied" to ensure an undisrupted hunt, and they will need to switch the sign back when they leave so that hunters can see that it is available.

Access: Access into hunting units is limited to foot, bicycle, motorboats, canoes, kayaks and other self-propelled watercrafts. Boats must be launched at designated boat ramps, and air boats are only permitted in open areas of units 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10.

Waterfowl use: Due to dry conditions, waterfowl numbers may be lower than average on the refuge as they move around the Great Salt Lake area to find suitable habitat.

General information: Units open to hunting can be found in the refuge hunting brochure and are open to coots, ducks, geese, tundra swans and pheasants. There is no hunting or shooting within 100 yards of refuge roads, the D Line dike, parking areas, and observation platforms. Hunters may enter the refuge two hours before sunrise and must exit the Refuge by two hours after sunset during the hunting season. For more detailed information and to see the refuge hunting brochure, visit the refuge website or call 435-723-5887.

View of lake at Browns Park WMA

Water/marsh conditions: Water levels on the Headquarters Unit will be full. Water levels on the Butch Cassidy Unit will be lower than usual due to drought and a prescribed fire earlier this year. The Bridgeport unit will be low until a riser is replaced to hold water in the ponds. Ponds on the Parsons Unit will be full. River levels are expected to range from 860 to 2500 cubic feet per second, depending on dam releases.

Access: Road access from Dutch John to the Bridgeport and Parsons units is in good condition. The swinging bridge has reopened in Colorado and has a maximum width of 8 feet.

Bird use: Current bird numbers are down due to drought conditions and ponds drying up this summer. Youth hunters should expect to see some birds, which typically decoy well. For the regular season opener, hunters will mostly see mallards, green-winged teal, wigeon and gadwall. Hunters should expect to see fewer Canada geese this year.

General information: There may be a closure on the Headquarters or Parsons units to enable swan trapping to occur, but this will depend on water levels and swan arrival.

Water/marsh conditions: The spring flows at Clear Lake have decreased this year, and it has been another long, hot, dry summer. Areas south of the county road have no water except for a small amount coming out of the rest area. Unit 2 is completely dry and will fill as water becomes available much later in the season.

There is no water north of the county road for the beginning of the season. Like last year, water will begin to fill areas as the weather cools down. Areas north of the county road might begin filling around January 1. The west marsh area continues to be dry. Conditions should improve as the season progresses, and more ducks should show up as the amount of water increases with each passing week.

Conditions at Clear Lake are terrible for waterfowl hunting, as there is no water available to hunt on.

Marsh conditions at Topaz Slough are completely dry.

Redmond has some water and a few ducks using the Sevier River, which flows through the area.

Bicknell Bottoms has very good conditions with good waterfowl numbers, improved hunting areas with new potholes and access improved within the WMA.

Access: All of the areas allow only non-motorized boats due to shallow water conditions. Camping is allowed in parking lots, and fires are permitted. Please be aware of up-to-date state fire restrictions that may apply and follow them accordingly. ATVs are prohibited. If you are looking to get away from crowds of hunters, try these areas.

Clear Lake and Bicknell Bottoms are good places to try pheasant hunting. Each area is open for pheasant hunting for 30 days and has excellent habitat for the birds and hunters to enjoy. See the current Upland Game and Turkey Guidebook for season dates, rules and regulations.

Please check the current Waterfowl Guidebook for details and shooting hours for waterfowl hunting.

Bird use: Clear Lake duck numbers should increase as the season progresses. Good numbers of ducks are expected to show up as soon as the weather turns colder, increasing until they peak around January 1. These ducks begin using flooded annual weeds and can provide some great late season hunting with easy access. The most common ducks at Clear Lake are mallards, pintails and green-winged teal.

Good numbers of ducks and geese can be found at Bicknell Bottoms. Bicknell Bottoms offers good hunting both early season and late season. Pheasants are found there as well as Blue Ribbon trout fishing.

Clear Lake and Bicknell Bottoms all receive planted pheasants each week during the general pheasant hunt.

General information: General season is open Nov. 5–Dec. 4.

Youth pheasant hunting is open statewide Oct. 29–Nov. 3. Youth quail hunting is open Oct. 29–31. The youth waterfowl hunt in the Southern Zone is Oct. 1, and the waterfowl season in the Southern Zone opens Oct. 15. Steel shot is required to hunt any species inside Clear Lake and Bicknell Bottoms.

Gunnison Bend Reservoir is a large rest area in the delta. Many waterfowl stay there during the day and fly away to feed in the surrounding agricultural fields. Some success can be found by scouting and asking permission to hunt private lands.

Desert Lake WMA

Water/marsh conditions: Due to dry conditions, several ponds are dry and others are low. Recent rains have helped to add water to most ponds. One pond has a hole in the dike, and repairs will occur in the spring. It currently holds very little water. A couple of ponds retained water for the whole year and should provide good cover and food this fall. Ponds with water are holding birds. A few more good rainstorms could quickly add hunting opportunities.

Access: The ponds can be accessed on the county roads that go through the property. Six parking lots are located along the county roads for waterfowl hunters. No camping is allowed on the Desert Lake Waterfowl Management Area. Please use adjacent Bureau of Land Management property for overnight use.

Bird use: Waterfowl numbers have begun to increase over the last month and should remain steady until the general waterfowl hunt opener. Waterfowl numbers typically go down following the opener until the migration begins. Waterfowl should be present for the youth hunt and they should decoy well. Common species present include widgeon, gadwall, mallard, green-wing teal, redheads and coots.

Farmington Bay marsh

Water/marsh conditions: Wetland conditions at Farmington Bay Waterfowl Management Area are excellent inside the impounded units. Wetland conditions outside the impounded units could be unpredictable due to drought conditions. All units should be at hunt level by Oct. 1. Unit 1, Unit 2 and Turpin produced large amounts of sago pondweed. The abundance of sago pondweed in our three largest units will provide excellent forage for migrating waterfowl at Farmington Bay.

The habitat in the interior sheet-flow wetlands and impoundments within Farmington Bay is in great condition due to aggressive herbicide treatments and/or cattle grazing on invasive phragmites. For example, over 1200 acres of phragmites were treated northwest of the Turpin Unit during the fall of 2017 and 2018, and the area was mowed and crushed each winter from 2018 to 2021. In addition, cattle grazed extensively on the northwest side of the Turpin Unit, and the area was managed for drought-stress conditions.

These large-scale phragmites and grazing treatments north of Turpin should provide excellent areas for birds to loaf and should provide great hunting access, if and when managers have enough water available to flood the area. Phragmites were treated with herbicide on all dike lines and other areas accessible by Marsh Masters, track machines and road vehicles during August 2022. Improved habitat conditions should encourage excellent bird use at the WMA this year. Cattle and drought-stressing management were also used to manage phragmites in many other areas throughout the WMA besides the Turpin Unit in order to improve habitat conditions for waterfowl.

Air boating conditions: Conditions in the shallow bays of the Great Salt Lake are worse than last year due to extensive drought. Hunters should consider hazards, multiple changes in vegetation and large expanses of mudflat that exist (and change yearly) outside the diked units in the open waters of Farmington Bay, the Layton-Kaysville wetlands and the Great Salt Lake. Managers will allow water to spill from the airboat launch as long as the interior units and sheet-flow wetlands have the appropriate amount of water.

Timpie Springs WMA: Although Timpie Springs WMA is a small wetland complex, marsh conditions and habitat are considered good to excellent. Specifically, Timpie Springs WMA consists of two large impoundments, some sheet-flow wetlands, mudflat, and some areas of upland habitat (totaling 1440 acres). The wetland vegetation is characterized by low standing salt grass and a few bulrush species. Both ponds at Timpie Springs WMA are full and spilling water onto sheet-flow wetlands or surrounding mudflats.

Layton-Kaysville WMA: Marsh conditions at Layton-Kaysville are poor to fair due to phragmites encroachment and low water.

Access: All of the access points to Farmington Bay will be open on Thursday, Sept. 15, by 8 a.m. Boat hunters are encouraged to use the north entrance to launch into Unit 1 and Turpin. Access for small boats is located at the south entrance. Because of submerged hazards, a wakeless boat speed is recommended in all of the freshwater impoundments. Consider how well you'll be able to retrieve birds before you choose a place to hunt.

Access to Timpie Springs WMA is permitted year-round. Access to Gaily wetlands will be open two days prior to the start of the youth hunt, which is Sept. 17.

The DWR no longer manages the Layton-Kaysville access near Rouche Lane in west Farmington (the access is permanently closed). The DWR is working with UDOT on another access point in trade located in west Kaysville, which will provide better access for hunters. However, the parking area and access point will not be completed until after this hunting season.

Bird use: There are currently large numbers of ducks and geese at Farmington Bay. Managers anticipate an increase in bird use and distribution within our impounded wetlands due to good to excellent habitat conditions within them, especially when managers start flooding all sheet-flow wetlands in mid-September. Waterfowl hunters can expect to see large numbers of cinnamon teal, gadwall and pintail early in the season. Diving ducks typically show up later in October. Swans are typically harvested in larger numbers during mid- to late November, while dark goose hunting typically improves during the extended goose hunt.

General information:

  • All of the areas listed above are open for hunting.
  • The northwest corner of Unit 1 at Farmington Bay is a waterfowl rest area and is closed to hunting and trespassing.
  • The area west of the main entrance road, to the first right bend in the road, and north of the road until you get to Goose Egg Island, is closed for research and educational purposes.
  • Shooting is prohibited at Farmington Bay within 600 feet of all dikes and any road open to motorized vehicles.
  • Airboats are prohibited within diked units.
  • The South Crystal Unit is a motorless unit.
  • Camping is allowed in parking areas only. Open fires are prohibited. Please clean your campsite so that we can continue to allow camping.
  • The accessible hunting blind for hunters with disabilities is by reservation only. Contact Jason Jones at 801-451-7386 for the rules and to make a reservation.
Harold Crane WMA

Marsh conditions: Generally, marsh and impoundment conditions are great. Note the following:

  • Main impoundments: There is excellent aquatic vegetation growth in all impoundments.
  • Exterior flats: Good conditions on flats to the east. West of the impoundments are beginning to flood.
  • Rainbow Unit: Currently, Rainbow Pond is filling with water and should have enough water throughout the hunt. The area north of the Rail Trail (on the east end) also looks good. The area was burned and then grazed by cattle, and has good water.

Access: Gates will open Thursday, Sept. 15. The road accessing the west Rainbow Unit is in good shape, as are the three connected parking lots. The main Harold Crane parking lot has been improved also.

The Federal Bureau of Reclamation road to Harold Crane through Willard Upland Game Bird Area is in fair shape because of the hard work that the DWR waterfowl maintenance crew has done. The head gate bridges are slightly narrower than the road, so be careful when driving over them.

Bird numbers:

  • Main impoundments: Great numbers of both ducks and geese on all impoundments.
  • Rainbow Unit: Fair numbers of birds north of the Rail Trail in the phragmites treatment area. Goose numbers are good overall.

General information: Hunting should be great for the youth hunt and general opener if the birds stick around.

Marsh conditions: Conditions are great in the main impoundments. Water is at full pool/spilling levels and contains great sago pondweed growth. Managers conducted a rotenone treatment and eliminated over 95% of the carp population. Some small, seasonal ponds on the Hooper Hot Springs Unit are low and/or dry. The east side impoundment edge was also chemically treated.

Access: The access road will be graded. Gates will open Thursday, Sept. 15.

Bird numbers: The main impoundments have good bird numbers, and many birds can be found in the grazed area. Generally, duck numbers have been holding well, and goose and swan numbers have increased substantially over the last few years.

General information: Howard Slough WMA had some of the best youth hunt success in the region over the last few years, and should be great again this season. For its size, it holds up very well under heavy hunting pressure. Swan hunting is expected to be good later on in the season, also.

Water/marsh conditions: The water levels are very low and impoundments are dry. There is a little water along the East Lake dike.

Access: Roads are a little rough. Gates will open Sept. 15.

Bird use: Bird numbers are extremely low. Mallard, pintail and green-winged teal are the primary birds. There are very few Canada geese.

General information: Locomotive Springs WMA is in the Northern goose area. Dark goose hunting will be closed Oct. 9–25. Camping is allowed in established parking areas, but there are no facilities available. Please be aware of up-to-date state fire restrictions that may apply and follow them accordingly.

Marsh and impoundment conditions:

  • Unit 1: Pondweed growth is excellent in the main impoundment and secondary impoundments. Screens were maintained on all water control structures that feed the area and managers have done an excellent job of keeping carp from re-invading the area. Over 1,000 acres of phragmites on the east side of the open water have been successfully grazed. The east side of the unit has also been sprayed for phragmites. In the secondary impoundments, grazing pressure has been increased and more acreage has opened up.

    On the west side of the unit, thousands of acres have been intensively grazed by cattle, maintaining open areas.

  • Unit 2: Grazing pressure was maintained in this area and phragmites overgrowth was cut back extensively this summer. Currently, there is no water in the area due to the drought.

  • Unit 3: Pondweed growth is excellent this year. Cattle grazed the east side of the open water, opening overgrown areas.

    Be advised that a rest area is in place on Unit 3. The area is well marked, and there is absolutely no trespassing allowed in it. It consists of the two small impoundments on the south side of the road as you head to the Unit 3 boat launch area.

  • Weber Delta: South Weber Delta was mostly dry this summer and is now in fair condition. Not much water is in the river impoundment, and the east dump basin is low.

  • Pintail: Cattle have been grazing thousands of acres in the Ogden Bay WMA and have opened up many overgrown areas. Some areas will have been flooded with water by the start of the youth hunt.

Generally, all major impoundments are full and overflowing onto the westward flats. Marsh conditions are good to excellent in most areas. The Great Salt Lake water elevation is currently 4190.9 feet, which is lower than it was one year ago. The lake reached an all-time historic low this summer.

Access: All outer gates to the lower parking lots and boat launches will be open on Thursday, Sept. 15. There is good vehicle access, and most roadways and parking lots are mowed and in good shape. Most access roads will be graded by the general opener.

The Unit 1 and Unit 3 boat channels into main impoundments are clear and usable.

Bird numbers:

  • Unit 1: Very good bird numbers in the main impoundments. Large numbers of birds are starting to build in the larger interior flats, which were reopened by grazing and are now flooded. Large numbers of ducks are starting to use secondary ponds.

  • Unit 2: Hopefully, more water will come and we will start to release water to the area. Bird numbers should increase as soon as the area is flooded. Farther west flats and far north end ponds are expected — like last year — to gain a large number of birds when these areas totally refill and interior hunting forces them out there.

  • Unit 3: Great bird numbers in the main impoundment. The west flats are just starting to get water and bird numbers will increase as it floods. The east flats have good numbers of birds.

  • Weber Delta: Poor in general on the north and south Weber deltas, but numbers will increase as these areas refill.

  • Pintail: Good now and with an expectation of increasing to excellent numbers later on the west side flats toward the Great Salt Lake.

Generally, birds are concentrated on larger impoundments or ponds and flats in Units 1 and 3. Remote ponds and flats farther west of impoundments will hold increasingly larger numbers of birds as they are displaced from easily-accessible areas by hunters in pre-hunt scouting activities and during the youth hunt.

General information: The youth hunt should be great in the main impoundments and adjacent flats. The general opener should be great as well. Hunting should be fair as the season progresses and new birds arrive after the pre-hunt scouting and weekend pressures subside. In general, hunters will find more success in the areas described earlier with better habitats and higher bird concentrations. Duck production has been up nearly everywhere and there will be many younger and less experienced birds flying around this year.

Horses feeding on Ouray National Wildlife Refuge Leota Bottoms wetland

Updates: Hunting and fishing opportunities were expanded on nine national wildlife refuges across the country in 2021. Please review our current Hunting and Fishing Update PDF for information and regulations associated with these activities. Please be aware: Shed antler hunting is not allowed on the refuge. Collection of animal parts, plants, historic artifacts, fossils, minerals, etc. is illegal. If you find anything, please leave it for other visitors to see. Please contact refuge staff for current information.

Access: Access into this area is limited to foot, bicycle, horseback, canoes or small boats with electric motors only.

Waterfowl use: Waterfowl numbers are well below average due to dry wetland conditions.

General information: Leota Bottom is the only area on the Ouray National Wildlife Refuge that is open to duck, goose, coot or sandhill crane hunting. You cannot hunt snipe or swans at Ouray. The Green River, including its sandbars and islands, is closed to hunting within the refuge boundary. You cannot hunt waterfowl within 100 yards of the Green River in Leota Bottom. Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than one-and-a-half hours before sunrise, and must exit the refuge no later than one-and-a-half hours after sunset. For more detailed information, see the Hunting section on the Visitor Activities page of the Ouray website, or review the Ouray website's Hunting and Fishing Update PDF. You may also call 435-545-2522.

Public Shooting Grounds WMA marsh

Water conditions: Water conditions have been slightly better than last year. Some mid-summer monsoon storms increased water availability for a couple weeks and managers were able to distribute water throughout most of the marsh. Spires, Mud Lake, Wigeon Marsh, and the marshes south of Hull Lake and Wigeon Lake (including the marshes west of Wigeon and Pintail Lake), were completely dry for most of the summer. As of early September, all of these areas now have water. However, with the recent heat wave, many areas are evaporating quickly. All ponds on Public Shooting Grounds will have water for the youth hunt, but they might be an inch or two lower than usual. Boats will be able to launch and get to the majority of traditional hunting spots. Managers are optimistic that normal water levels can be achieved by the general opener on Oct. 1. Of course, this is dependent upon weather and when the irrigation water is turned off. Water will most likely be scarce outside the impounded units for both the youth hunt and general opener. Duck Lake (Rest Area), Hull Lake, Pintail and most ponds north of Highway 83 held water through the summer. Pondweed and other waterfowl food production was good to excellent in these areas.

Access: Gates will open the afternoon of Sept. 15. All roads and parking lots have been or will be mowed and graded before the general opener. Speed bumps have been installed on the main road near the physically disabled-accessible blinds. Please be careful and slow down.

Bird use: Bird numbers are good and building daily. Mallard, pintail, green-winged teal, gadwall, cinnamon teal and some redheads are present now. Wigeons are starting to show up in good numbers. There are also numerous Canada geese right now.

General information: Public Shooting Grounds WMA is in the northern goose area. Dark goose hunting will be closed Oct. 9–25. Camping is allowed in established parking areas, but no facilities are available. Fires are allowed in fire pits only and are the responsibility of the camper: if you lose it, you pay for it. Please be aware of up-to-date fire restrictions and follow these rules accordingly. Also, please respect posted signs and regulations along with the regulations in the Waterfowl Guidebook.

Accessible blinds for people with physical disabilities are used on a first-come, first-served basis. You must possess a DMV-issued disabled license plate or placard to use these blinds.

Widgeon Lake is a non-motorized boat only lake.

The swan hunting boundary has been extended north to Highway 83. South Public Shooting Grounds will be open to swan hunting. North Public Shooting Grounds (north of Highway 83) is closed to swan hunting.

Phragmites at Salt Creek WMA

Water conditions: With the help of mid-summer rain storms, all of Salt Creek WMA held water throughout the summer except for Stilt Pond in the northwest corner. Pondweed production throughout the WMA was excellent. The units on the east side of Salt Creek, Gadwall, Canvasback, Redhead, Mallard Teal and Goose were full all summer and produced good to excellent pondweed as well. Both Ibis and Stilt ponds held water all summer and produced fair to good pondweed. Managers anticipate having full water levels for both the youth hunt and general opener. However, conditions could change with weather patterns over the course of the next month.

Due to the dredging and island restoration project two years ago, the channel running through the middle of Salt Creek Bay is fairly deep — in some spots, 5 feet or more. Use caution when hunting in this area (see the Salt Creek WMA map). Although the dredging project took out a little more soil than managers had anticipated, it will prolong the area's sustainability and enhance management capabilities. The project will also maintain good boat access for a number of years.

Waterfowl use: Birds have just started to show up and will continue to build heading into the youth hunt. You should see mallard, pintail, green-winged teal, gadwall, cinnamon teal and wigeon at Salt Creek. There are a fair number of Canada geese around right now.

Access: Gates will open the afternoon of Sept. 15. All roads and parking lots have been or will be mowed and graded before the general opener. Please be careful and slow down on WMA roads.

General information: Salt Creek WMA is in the Northern goose area. Dark goose hunting will be closed Oct. 9–25. Camping is allowed in established parking areas, but there are no facilities available. Fires are allowed in fire pits only and are the responsibility of the camper: If you lose it, you pay for it. Please be aware of up-to-date fire restrictions that may apply and follow these rules accordingly.

Please respect posted signs and regulations along with the regulations in the Waterfowl Guidebook. Salt Creek WMA is closed to swan hunting.

Accessible blinds for people with physical disabilities are used on a first-come, first-served basis. You must possess a DMV-issued disabled license plate or placard to use these blinds.

Jensen property map

Update: Approximately 1,200 acres have been added to the Public Shooting Grounds and Salt Creek WMAs, linking the two WMAs together. Named the Jensen Unit, the land is mostly wetland playas (mud flats where water used to be), lowland sagebrush and upland areas, including one area with lots of salt grass.

A waterway through the unit will harbor ducks in the winter, and wild pheasants will be found in various places. Additional pheasants will be released this fall.

Provo Bay at Utah Lake

Water/marsh conditions: The main channel from Mill Race is very shallow, and even with a mud motor, you will hit the bottom frequently. The middle of Provo Bay has slightly more water, but there are many exposed mudflats around the edges. The small boat ramps at Swede Lane and LeBaron Point are dry and mud will make reaching the water very difficult. There's also an increased level of algal blooms.

Access: We recommend using one of the main public marinas — Utah Lake State Park, Lindon Boat Harbor, American Fork Boat Harbor or Pelican Bay — to launch your duck boat.

Bird use: With Great Salt Lake water levels being low, more birds could visit Utah Lake as migration progresses. Cold fronts and timing of storms will play a role in how many birds use the lake throughout the season.

General information: Be aware of blue-green algae blooms, which can be fatal to dogs.

The Utah Lake Commission continues to treat phragmites around the lake, and will be doing retreatments on over 6,000 acres in Saratoga Springs, Provo Bay, Sandy Beach and other areas.

The DWR has improved the hunting access point at Powell Slough by adding fencing and parking areas. Pheasants will be released in the area this fall.


Tap or click the following areas for maps:

Waterfowl Management Areas

National wildlife refuges

If you have questions about waterfowl hunt opener conditions or Waterfowl Management Areas in northern Utah, contact the DWR Northern Region office at 801-476-2740 or Salt Lake office at 801-538-4700.

Quick links
Wildlife Blog: Views from DWR employees
» Wildlife Blog
Report poachers — 1-800-662-3337
» Report poachers
Wildlife dates
» Important dates
Hunter, angler mobile app
Hunter Education: Sign up for classes
» Hunter education