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Bibliography

I. Transportation and methods

Achord, S., J.R. Smith, and G.M. Matthews. 1984. Experimental tanker used to study transportation of juvenile salmonids. Prog. Fish-Cult. 46(3):206-208.

Amend, D.F., et al. 1982. Transportation of fish in closed systems: Methods to control ammonia carbon dioxide, pH, and bacterial growth. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 111(5):603-611.

Anonymous. 1883. Transportation of live fish. English translation, H. Jacobson, taken from the International Fishery Exposition, Berlin 1880. U.S. Fish Comm. Bull. 2:95-102.

Anonymous. 1939. Distribution highlights in Pennsylvania. Prog. Fish-Cult. 43:34-35.

Anonymous. 1950. A note regarding air shipment of largemouth bass fingerlings from Oklahoma to Colorado. Prog. Fish-Cult. 12:28.

Anonymous. 1955. Test planting walleye fry by plane. Prog. Fish-Cult. 12(1):28.

Anonymous. 1971. Live hauler. Catfish Farmer 3(5):19-21.

Anonymous. 1973. "300,000 fingerlings per load." Fish Farm. Indus., April, pp.31.

Babcock, W.H., and G. Post. 1967. An evaluation of water conditioning systems for fish distribution tanks. Colo. Dep. Fish, Game Parks, Spec. Rep. No. 16:pp. 1-9.

Berka, R. 1986. The transport of live fish. A review. EIFAC Tech. Pap. 48. v+52pp.

Black, E.A., B. Redfern, and H. Rosenthal. 1991. New developments in air transportation of salmon smolts. J. Appl. Icthyol. 7(4):249-252.

Blair, A.D. 1969. Distributing fingerling trout, largemouth bass, and bluegills to farm pond applicants via parcel post. Lamar Fish Cultural Development Center, Lamar, PA 58 pp.

Braker, W.P. 1974. Collecting and transport of Caribbean marine fishes. Int. Zoo. Yearb. 14:40-43.

Bruhn, D. 1990. Fish transport Idaho style. Proc. Annu. Northwest Fish Conf. No. 41. p.24-26.

Burghduff, A.E. 1940. An aerating device for use in the transportation of fish. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 69:296-299.

Burrows, R.E. 1937. More about fish planting. Prog. Fish-Cult. 34:21-22.

Burton, R. 1991. Floating tank transports fish. Freshwater Catch No. 46. p.15-17.

Buxton, A.G. 1962. The trnasportation of fish from near and far. Bull. Inst. Oceonogr. (monaco) Num. spec. 1A:81-92

Calhoun, A.J. 1953. Hypnotic drugs as an aid in fish transportation. Calif. Dept. Fish & Game. Mimeo. paper presented 23rd Ann. Mtg. Am. Fish. Soc. 3p.

Carmichael, G.J. 1984. Long distance truck transport of intensively reared largemouth bass. Prog. Fish-Cult. 46(2):111-115.

Carmichael, G.J., and J.R. Tomasso. 1988. Survey of fish transportation and techniques. Prog. Fish-Cult. 50(3): 155-159.

Chittenden, M.E. Jr. 1971. Transporting and handling young American shad. NY Fish & Game J. 13(2):123-128.

Collins, C. 1990. Live-hauling warmwater fish. Aquacult. 16(4):70-76.

Copeland, T.H. 1947. Fish Distribution Units. Prog. Fish-Cult 9(4):193-202.

Cox, F.L. 1949. Improvements in bluegill sunfish distribution methods. Prog. Fish-Cult. 11(3):185-188.

Cuerrier, J.P. 1952. Transfer of anaesthetized adult lake trout by means of aircraft. Can. Fish Cult. 13:1-4.

Davis, J.T. 1971. Handling and transporting egg, fry, and fish. Pages 40-42 in Proc. Conf. Prod. and Mark. Catfish Tenn. Valley, T.V.A.

Dupree, H.K., and J.V. Huner, eds. 1984. Transportation of live fish. Third report to the fish farmers. USFWS, Washington, D.C.

Falconer, D.D. 1964. Practical trout transportation techniques. Prog. Fish-Cult. 26(2):51-58.

Farwell, C.J. 1981. Air shipment of marine organisms — short-term problems with long-term aftereffects. Am. Assoc. Zool. Parks Aquariums Annu. Conf. Proc. p.82-85

Feast, C.N., and C.E. Hagie. 1948. Colorado's glass fish tank. Prog. Fish-Cult. 10(1):29-30.

Fries, J.N., C.S. Berkhouse, J.C. Morrow, and G.J. Carmichael. 1993. Evaluation of an aeration system in a loaded fish-hauling tank. Prog. Fish-Cult. 55:187-190

Fry, F.E.J., and K. Norris. 1962. The transportation of live fish. Pages 595-608 in G. Borgstrom, ed. Fish as food. Volume II, Nutrition, sanitation and utilization. Academic press, New York, NY.

Fuqua, C.L., and H.C. Topel. 1939. Transportation of channel catfish eggs and fry. Prog. Fish-Cult. No. 46:19-21.

Garlick, L.R. 1950. The helicopter in fish-planting operations in Olympic National Park. Prog. Fish-Cult. 12(2):72-76.

Gebhards, S.V. 1966. Transport of juvenile trout in sealed containers. Amer. Fishes & U.S. News (11)1.

Greene, A.F.C. 1956. Oxygen equipment for fish transportation. Prog. Fish-Cult. 18(1):47-48.

Guest, W.C. and J.A. Prentice. 1982. Transportation techniques for blueback herring. Prog. Fish-Cult. 44:183-185.

Hammer, R.L. 1981. Transporting endangered fishs species in plastic bags. Prog. Fish.-Cult. 43(4):218-219.

Haskell, D.C. 1941. An investigation of the use of oxygen in transporting trout. Trans. Am Fish. Soc. 70:149-160.

Hattingh, J., F. Le Roux Fourie, and J.H.H. Van Vuren. 1975. The transport of freshwater fish. J. Fish Biol. 7(4):447-449.

Horton, H.F. 1956. An evaluation of some physical and mechanical factors important in reducing delayed mortality of hatchery reared rainbow trout. Prog. Fish-Cult. 18(1):3-14.

Howey, R.G., and G.L. Theis. Transfer tank. Prog. Fish-Cult. 43(3):159.

Holder, C.F. 1908. A method of transporting live fishes. U.S. Bur. Fish. Bull. 28(2):1005-1007.

Hogan, J. 1938. Improved shipping facilities recommended. Prog. Fish-Cult. 40:41-42.

Johnson, D.L., and M.T. Metcalf. 1982. Causes and controls of freshwater drum mortality during transportation. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 11191):58-62.

Johnson, F.C. 1972. Fish transportation improvement — Phase II. Final report prepared for State of Washington, Dep. Fisheries, Olympia, Washington, 63 pp.

Johnson, S.K. 1979. Transport of live fish. Report FDDL-F14, Texas Agric. Exper. Serv., Dept. Wildl. and Fish. Sci., College Station, TX 13pp.

Johnson, S.K. and S.K. Cichra. 1983. Wet transport of fishes in sealed containers. Texas A & M Univ. Texas Ag. Extension Service. Texas FDDL-F18, College Station, TX

Keil, W.M. 1935. Better stocking methods. Prog. Fish-Cult. No. 9:1-6.

Kenworthy, P. 1990. Tilapia transport without tears. Fish Farmer 4(3):34-35.

Kingsbury, O.R. 1949. The diffusion of oxygen in fish tanks. Prog. Fish-Cult. 11(1):24.

Kulkarni, C.V., and S.N. Ogale. 1979. Air transport of mahseer eggs in moist cotton wool. Aquacult. 16(4):367-368.

Lefevre, L. 1939. A new water aerator. Prog. Fish-Cult. 45:54-56.

Macklin, R. 1959. An improved 150 gal. fish-planting truck. Prog. Fish-Cult. 21(1):81-85.

Malroy, C.R. 1963. Hauling channel catfish fingerlings. Prog. Fish-Cult. 25(4):211-212.

Maxwell, J.M., and R.W. Thoesen. 1965. Lake Powell stocking story. Prog. Fish-Cult. 27(3):115-120.

McCraren, J.P., and J.L. Millard. 1978. Transportation of warmwater fishes. Pages 43-88 in

Manual of fish culture, Section G, USFWS, Washington, D.C.

McLeary, E. 1968. Transporting trout with oxygen. Am. Fishes & Trout News. 12(6):2-11.

Mead, A.D. 1908. A new principle of aquaculture and transportation of live fishes. US Bur. Fish. Bull. 28(2):759-780.

Moore, T.J. 1887. Report on a successful attempt to introduce living soles to America. U.S. Fish Comm. Bull. 7(1):1-7.

Nemoto, C.M. 1957. Experiments with methods for air transport of live fish. Prog. Fish-Cult. 19:147-157.

Norris, K.S., F. Brocato, and F. Calandrino. 1960. A survey of fish transportation methods and equipment. Calif. Fish Game 46(1):5-33.

Olson, R.H. 1940. Air conditioning fish distribution tanks. Prog. Fish-Cult. 52:16-17.

Powell, N.A. 1970. Striped bass in air shipment. Prog. Fish-Cult. 32(1):18.

Rode, R.A., L.L. Lovshin, and R.K. Goodman. 1991. Comparison of three fish-loading systems to harvest food-size channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Aquacult. 10(4):291-304.

Sampson, D.R.T., and D.J. Macintosh. 1986. Transportation of live carp fry in sealed polythene bags. Aquacult. 54(1-2):123-127.

Seale, A. 1910. The successful transference of black bass into the Philippine Island with notes on the transportation of live fish long distances. Philippine J. Sci. Sec. B 5(3):153-159.

Shebley, W.H. 1927. History of fish planted in California. Calif. Fish & Game 13(3):163-174.

Smith, C.E. 1978. Transportation of salmonid fishes. Pages 9-41 in Manual for fish culture, section G, USFWS, Washington, D.C.

Smith, M.F.L. 1982. Capture and transport of elasmobranchs, with emphasis on the grey nurse shark (Carcharius taurus). Austr. J. Mar. Freshwater Res 43(1):325-343.

Solomon, D.J. and A.D. Hawkins. 1981. Fish capture and transport. Pages 197-221 in A.D. Hawkins, editor. Aquarium systems. Academic Press, London.

Starnes, L.B., P.A. Hackney, and T.A. McDonough. 1983. Larval fish transport: A case study of white bass. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 112(3):390-397.

Stubblefield, A.G., L. Lefevre, and R. Smart. 1949. Montana fish distribution tank. Prog. Fish- Cult. 11(4):245-252.

Sykes, J.E. 1950. A method of transporting fingerling shad. Prog. Fish-Cult. 12(3):153-159.

Sykes,J.E. 1951. The transfer of adult shad. Prog. Fish-Cult. 13(1):45-46.

Vaas, K.F. 1952. Preliminary report on air transport of live fish in sealed tins under oxygen pressure. Indo-Pacific Fish. Coun., Proc. 3rd Meeting Sec. 2 and 3:119-128.

Vanden Sande, A.P. 1974. The long distance transport of fishes and aquatic invertebrates. Int. Zoo Yearb. 14:43-47.

Voss, J. 1979. Transport de poissons a longues distances. Oceanis 5:395-401.

Waite, D. undated. Use of electric and hydraulic systems on fish transportration units in Pennsylvania. PA Fish Comm., Benner Springs Res. Sta., Mimeo. 3pp.

Wall, R. 1948. Taking fish for a ride. Field and Stream June:(62) 131-135.

Wellborn, T.L., Jr. 1983. Live hauling channel catfish. Aquacult. March-April :22.

Wilkinson, G.N. Jr. 1958. Transporting small live trout in sealed polyethelene bottles. Prog. Fish-Cult. 20(4):175-178.

Wilson, A.J. 1950. Distribution units for warmwater fish. Prog. Fish-Cult. 12(4):211-213.

II. Additives

Anonymous. 1954. Advantages in drugging fish. Pan-American Fisherman (Orange, Calif.) 8(8):4.

Basu, S.P. 1951. Effect of addition of soil in transport of larvae of Indian carps. Proc. Indian Sci. Congr. 38(8):227

Bell, G.R. 1964. A guide to the properties, characteristics and uses of some general anasthetics for fish. Fish. Res. Board Can. Bull. No. 148: p. 1-4.

Bezdek, F.H. 1957. Sodium seconal as a sedative for fish. Prog. Fish-Cult. 16(1):35.

Bower, C.E., and D.T. Turner. 1982. Ammonia removal by clinoptilolite in the transport of ornamental freshwater fishes. Prog. Fish-Cult. 44(1):19-23.

Calhoun, A.J. 1953. Hypnotic drugs as an aid in fish transportation. Calif. Dept. Fish & Game. Mimeo. paper presented 23rd Ann. Mtg. Am. Fish. Soc. 3p.

Coetzee,N., and J. Hattingh. 1977. Effects of sodium chloride on the freshwater fish Labeo capsnsis during and after transportation. Zool. Afr. 12(1):244-247.

Collins, J.L., and A.M. Hulsey. 1964. Reduction of threadfin shad hauling mortality by the use of M.S. 222 and common salt. Proc. Annu. Conf. Southeast Assoc. Game Fish Comm. 18:522-524.

Ferreira, J.T., G.L. Smit, H.J. Schoonbee, and C.W. Holtzapfel. 1979a. Comparison of anaesthetic potency of benzocaine-hydrochloride and MS222 in two freshwater species. Prog. Fish-Cult. 41:161-163.

Ferreira, J.T., H.J. Schoonbee, and G.L. Smit. 1984. The use of benzocaine-hydrochloride as an aid in the transport of fish. Aquacult. (42):169-174.

Grizzle, T.M. , A.C. Maudlin II, D. Young, and E. Henderson. 1985. Survival of juvenile striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and morone hybrid bass (Morone chrysops x Morone saxatilis) increased by addition of calcium to soft water. Aquaculture 46:167-171.

Gupta, M.V., anmd B.K. Sharma. 1974. A note on the transport of chinese carp breeders using MS 222. J. Inland Fish. Soc. India. 6:99-100.

Hales, L.S., Jr. et at. 1990. Use of low-salinity water and gel-coating to minimize handling mortality of spot, (Leiostomus xanthurus) Aquacult. 90(1):17-27.

Haskell, D.C. 1941. An investigation on the use of oxygen in transporting trout. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 70:149-160.

Haswell, M.S., et al. 1981. The use of salts to reduce stress during fish hauling. Proc. Colo- Wyo. Chap. Am. Fish Soc. 16:57.

Haswell, M.S.. et al. 1982. Millimolar quantities of sodium salts used as prophylaxis during fish hauling. Prog. Fish-Cult. 44(4):179-183.

Horton, H.F. 1956. An evaluation of some physical and mechanical factors important in reducing delayed mortality of hatchery reared rainbow trout. Prog. Fish-Cult. 18(1):3-14.

Johnson, F.C. 1972. Fish transportation improvement—Phase II. Final paper prepared for State of Washington Dept. of Fisheries, Olympia, 63 pp.

Klontz, G. W. 1964. Anesthesia of fishes. Pages 350-373 in Proceedings of the symposium on experimental animal anesthesiology. Brooks Air Force Base, San Antonio, TX., Dec. 14- 16.

Lambert, T.C. 1982. Techniques for the capture and hauling of atlantic mackerel with special reference to the use of quinaldine. Prog. Fish-Cult. 44(3):145-147.

Long, C.W., J.R. McComas, and B.H. Monk. 1977. The use of salt (NaCl) water to reduce mortality of chinook salmon smolts during handling and hauling. Mar. Fish. Rev. 39(7):6- 9.

Marathe, V.B., N.V. Huilgol, and S.G. Patil. 1975. Hydrogen peroxide as a source of oxygen supply in the transport of fish fry. Prog. Fish-Cult. 37(2):117.

Mazik, P.M., B.K. Simco, and N.C. Parker. 1991. Influence of water hardness and salts on survival and physiological characteristics of striped bass during and after transport. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 120:120-126.

McFarland, W.N. 1960. The use of anesthetics for the handling and the transport of fishes. Calif. Fish Game 46(4):407-431.

Meintz, M. 1978. Improved methods for collecting and transporting yound American shad. Prog. Fish-Cult. 40(4):150-151.

Mishra, B.K., D. Kumar, and R. Mishra. 1983. Observations on the use of carbonic acid anaesthesia in fish fry transport. Aquacult. 32(3-4):405-408.

Nemoto, C.M. 1957. Experiments with methods for air transport of live fish. Prog. Fish-Cult. 19:147-157.

Noyes, J.C. 1984. Air transport of marine fishes held in copper-treated water compared to those held in nontreated water. Am. Assoc. Zool. Parks Aquriums Annu. Conf. Proc. p.467.

Osborne, P.E. 1951. Some experiments on the use of thiouracil as an aid in holding and transporting fish. Prog. Fish-Cult. 13:75-78.

Phillips, A.M., and D.R. Brockway. 1954. Effect of starvation, water temperature, and sodium amythal on the metabolic rate of brook trout. Prog. Fish-Cult. 16(2):65-68.

Reese, A. 1953. Use of hypnotic drugs in transporting trout. Calif. Dep. Fish Game, Sacramento. Mimeo 10pp.

Schultz, F.H. 1956. Transfer of anesthetized pike and yellow walleye. Can. Fish-Cult. 18:1-5.

Skinner, J.E. 1955. Use of Dow Corning antifoam AF emulsion to prevent foaming in fish transport tanks. Calif. Dept. Fish & Game. Inland Fish. Infor. Leaf. No. 3:1-2.

Srinivasan, R., P.I. Chacko, and A.P. Valsan. 1955. A preliminary note on the utility of sodium phosphate in the transport of fingerlings of Indian carps. Indian J. Fish., 2(1):77-83.

Taylor, N.I., and L.G. Ross. 1988. The use of hydrogen peroxide as a source of oxygen for the transportation of live fish. Aquacult. 70(1/2):183-192.

Turner, D.T., and C.E. Bower. 1982. Removal of ammonia by bacteriological nitrification during the simulated transport of marine fishes. Aquacult. 29(3-4):347-357.

Webb, R.T. 1958. Distribution of bluegill treated with tricaine methane sulfonate (MS-222) Prog. Fish-Cult. 20(2):69-72.

III. Water quality and stress

Aldrin, J.R., M. Mevel, and J.L. Messager. 1979. A study of transport stress in juvenile coho salmon. Aquacult. 17(4):279-289.

Anderson, W.K. and W.M. Lewis. 1974. Use of a sudden temperature decrease to reduce the excitability of channel catfish during hauling. Prog. Fish-Cult. 36:213-215.

Barton, B.A., R.E. Peter, and C.R. Paulencu. 1980. Plasma cortisol levels of fingerling rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) at rest, and subjected to handling, confinement, transport, and stocking. Can. J. Fish. Aquatic Sci. 37:805-811.

Barton, B.A., and R.E. Peter. 1982. Plasma cortisol stress response in fingerling rainbow trout, (Salmo giardneri Richardson), to various transport conditions, anaesthesia, and cold shock. J. Fish Biol. 20(1):39-51

Black, E.C. 1956. Appearance of lactic acid in the blood of Kamloops and lake trout following live transportation. Can. Fish-Cult. 18:3-10.

Black, E.C. and I. Barrett. 1957. Increase in levels of lactic acid in the blood of cutthroat and steelhead trout following handling and live transportation. Can. Fish-Cult. 20:12-24.

Brandt, T.M., R.M. Jones, Jr., and J.R. Koke. 1986. Corneal cloudiness in transported largemouth bass. Prog. Fish-Cult. 48(3):199-201.

Carmichael, G.J., et al. 1983. Physiological effects of handling and hauling stress on smallmouth bass. Prog. Fish-Cult. 45(2):110-112.

Carmichael, G.J. 1984. Long distance truck transport of intensively reared largemouth bass. Prog. Fish-Cult. 46:111-115.

Carmichael, G.J., et al. 1984. Characterization and alleviation of stress associated with hauling largemouth bass. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 113(6):778-785.

Congleton, J.L., et al. 1984. Evaluating the effects of stress on the viability of chinook salmon smolts transported from the Snake River to the Columbia River estuary. Idaho Coop. Fish. Res. Unit Tech. Rep. 84-4. vi + 67pp.

Davis, K.B., and N.C. Parker. 1986. Plasma corticosteroid stress response of fourteen species of warmwater fish to transportation. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 115(3):495-499.

Davis, K.B., J. Newsom, and B.A. Simco. 1993. Physiological stress in channel catfish, (Ictalurus punctatus) harvested by lift net, vacuum pump, or turbine pump. J. Appl. Aquaculture 3(3/4):297-309.

Eddy, F.B., and R.I.G. Morgan. 1969. Some effects of carbon dioxide on the blood of rainbow trout, (Salmo gairdneri Richardson). J. Fish Biol. 1:361-372.

Falconer, D.D. 1964. Practical trout transport techniques. Prog. Fish-Cult. 26(2):51-58.

Flos, R., L. Reig, P. Torres, and L. Tort. 1988. Primary and secondary stress responses to grading and hauling in rainbow trout, (Salmo gairdneri). Aquacult. 71(1-2):99-106.

Haskell, D.C., and R.O. Davies. 1958. Carbon dioxide as a limiting factor in transportation. N.Y. Fish Game J. 5(2):175-183.

Hattingh, J. and J.J. Van Pletzen. 1974. The influence of capture and transportation on some blood parameters of freshwater fish. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 49A:607-609.

Horton, H.F. 1956. An evaluation of some physical and mechanical factors important in reducing delayed mortality of hatchery reared rainbow trout. Prog. Fish-Cult. 18(1):3-14.

Horton, H.F. 1963. The factors leading to post-liberation mortalities of trout transplanted in tank trucks. Ph.D. Dissertation, Oregon State University, Corvallis

Korovin, V.A., A.S. Zybin, and V.B. Legomin. 1982. Response of juvenile fishes to stress factors associated with transfers during fish farming. J. Ichthyol. 22(2):98-102.

Linn, D.W. 1955. Delayed mortality of hatchery-reared rainbow trout in relation to five chemical factors encountered in transporting waters. Master's thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis

Mather, M.E., R.A. Stein, and R.F. Carline. 1986. Experimental assessment of mortality and hyperglycemia in tiger muskellunge due to stocking stressors. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 115:762-770.

Maule, A.G., C. Schreck, C.S. Bradford, and B.A. Barton. 1988. Physiological effects of collecting and transporting emigrating juvenile chinook salmon past dams on the Columbia River. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 117:245-261.

Mazik, P.M., B.A. Simco, and N.C. Parker. 1991. Influence of water hardness and salts on survival and physiological characteristics of striped bass during and after transport. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 120(1):121-126.

McDonald, D.G., M.D. Goldstein, and C. Mitton. 1993. Responses of hatchery-reared brook trout, lake trout, and splake to transport stress. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 122:1127-1138.

McFarland, W.N. and K.S. Norris. 1958. The control of pH by buffers in fish transport. Calif. Fish Game, pp. 5-33.

Mock, A. and G. Peters. 1990. Lysozyme activity in rainbow trout, Oncorynchus mykiss (Walbaum), stressed by handling, transport, and water pollution. J. Fish. Biol. 37:873- 885.

Nikinmaa, M. A., et al. 1983. Hauling stress in brown trout (Salmo Trutta): Physiological responses to transport in fresh water or salt water, and recover in natural brackish water. Aquacult. 34(1-2):93-99.

Prevost, G. and L. Piche. 1939. Observations on the respiration of trout fingerlings and a new method of transporting speckled trout (Salvelinus fontinalis). Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 68:344-353.

Robertson, L., P. Thomas, C.R. Arnold, and J.M. Trant. 1987. Plasma cortisol and secondary stress responses of red drum to handling, transport, rearing density, and a disease outbreak. Prog. Fish-Cult. 49(1):1-12.

Sample, D.W. 1994. Water quality is essential in holding fish in vats and hauling tanks. Aquacult. Magazine 20(3):68-72..

Schreck, C.B., et al. 1985. Stress of collection and transportation of downstream migrating salmon in the Columbia River. Am. Fish. Soc. Annu. Meet. No. 115. p.33

Schreck, C.B., et al. 1989. Transportation stress affects performance of coho salmon, (Oncorynchus kisutch). Aquacult. 82(1-4):15-20.

Specker, J.L., and C.B. Schreck. 1980. Stress responses to transportation and fitness for marine survival in coho salmon (Oncorynchus kisutch) smolts. Can. J. Fish. Aquatic Sci. 37(5):765-769.

Tomasso, J.R., K.B. Davis, and N.C. Parker. 1980. Plasma corticosteroid and electrolyte dynamics of hybrid striped bass (white bass x striped bass) during netting and hauling stress. Proc. World Maricult. Soc. 11:303-310.

Wagner, E.J., and D. Driscoll. 1991. Stress response of rainbow and cutthroat trout to loading by fish pump, conveyor, or dip net. Am. Fish. Soc. West. Div. Annu. Meeting. p. 15.

Wagner, E.J., and D. Driscoll. 1994. Physiological stress responses of cutthroat trout to loading by fish pump, conveyor, or dip net. J. Appl. Aquacult. 4(1):19-27.

Wedemeyer, G. 1972. Some physiological consequences of handling stress in the juveline coho salmon (Onchorynchus kisitch) and steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri). J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 29:1780-1783.

Weirich, C.R., and J.R. Tomasso. 1991. Confinement and transport-induced stress on red drum juveniles: Effect of salinity. Prog. Fish-Cult. 53(3):146-149.

Weirich, C.R., J.R. Tomasso, and T.I.J. Smith. 1992. Confinement and transport-induced stress in white bass (Morone chrysops) x striped bass (Morone saxatilis) hybrids: effect of calcium and salinity. J. World Aquaculture Society 23:49-57.

IV. Capacity

Winkler, P. 1987. A method to minimize stress during fish transport. Prog. Fish-Cult. 49(2):154-155.

Carmichael, G.J. 1984. Long distance truck transport of intensively reared largemouth bass. Prog. Fish-Cult. 46:111-115.

Froese, R. 1988. Relationship between body weight and loading densities in fish transport using the plastic bag method. Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 19(3):275-281.

Haskell, D.C. 1941. An investigation on the use of oxygen in transporting trout. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 70:149-160.

Haskell, D.C., and R.O. Davies. 1958. Carbon dioxide as a limiting factor in transportation. N.Y. Fish Game J. 5(2):175-183.

Haskell, D.C. 1959. Trout growth in hatcheries. NY Fish & Game J. 5(2):175-183.

Johnson, F.C. 1972. Fish transportation improvement—Phase II. Final report prepared for State of WA Dept. of Fisheries, Olympia, WA 63 pp.

Mazuranich, J.J. and D.D. Lamberton. 1969. Unpublished manuscript on fish tank carrying capacities.

McCraren, J.P., and R.W. Jones. 1978. Suggested approach to computing and reporting loading densities for fish transport units. Prog. Fish-Cult. 40(4):169.

Phillips, A.M. Jr., F.E. Lovelace, D.R. Brockway, and G.C. Balzer, Jr. 1953. The nutrition of trout. Fish. Res. Bull. 17, NY Conserv. Dept., Albany, NY

Phillips, A.M, Jr., et al. 1954. The nutrition of trout. Fish. Res. Bull 18, NY Conserv. Dept., Albany, NY

Wilson, A.J. 1950. Distribution units for warmwater fish. Prog. Fish-Cult. 12(4):211-213.

V. Metabolism (O2/NH3)

Basu, S.P. 1959. Active respiration of fish in relation to ambient concentrations of oxygen and carbon dioxide. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 16:175-212.

Beamish, F.H.W. 1964. Influence of starvation on standard and routine oxygen consumption. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 93:103-107.

Dickson, I.W., and R.H. Kramer. 1971. Factors influencing scope for activity and active and standard metabolism of rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 28:587- 596.

Fry, F.E.J., and K. Norris. 1962. The transportation of live fish. Pages 595-608 in G. Borgstrom, ed. Fish as food. Volume II, Nutrition, sanitation and utilization. Academic press, New York, NY.

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